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19 November 2011

Karl Huszár-Puffy

Fat Hungarian stage and film comedian Karl Huszár-Puffy (1884 – 1942 or 1943) was the most popular slapstick star of the Hungarian silent era. He later worked in both Germany and Hollywood, also using the names Karl Huszar or Charles Puffy. He played minor roles in feature films and was the star of a series of slapstick shorts for Universal. Besides his film work, he frequently appeared on stage, mostly as a comedian.

Carl Huszar-Puffy
German postcard by Ross Verlag, no. 4570, 1929-1930. Photo: Defina. Collection: Didier Hanson.

290 pounds
Karl Huszár-Puffy was born as Károly Hochstadt (according to some sources: Hochstein) in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (now Hungary) in 1884. At 16, the still thin Hochstadt became the long distance swimming champion of Germany. He studied acting at the Országos Színészegyesület Színészképző Iskoláját (). Then he worked 16 years on stage in Budapest, where he became a star of the cabarets, and also wrote some comedies. He started his film career as Károly Huszár in such silent shorts as Víg egyveleg, avagy Pufi és társai (1914, Kornél Tábori) and Pufi cipöt vesz/Puffy buys shoes (1914, Kornél Tábori). In these films he played a character called Pufi. It became his nickname and stage name. ‘Pufi’ means ‘Fatty’ in Hungarian and indeed the thin swimming champion had a legendary appetite and had gained quite some pounds. In his prime Pufi weighted ca. 290 pounds. In 1917 he worked with director Michael Curtiz (then still Mihály Kertész) at Tavasz a télben/Spring in Winter (1917), and Az Ezredes/The Colonel (1917) with the young Béla Lugosi. That year he also worked with another famous director-to-be, Alexander Korda (as Korda Sándor), at Szent Péter esernyöje/St. Peter's Umbrella (1917) with Victor Varconi. In 1920 he made his first film in Germany, Putschliesel (1920, Erich Schönfelder) featuring Ossi Oswalda. The next year, such films followed as Der Mord ohne Täter/The murder without offender (1921, Ewald André Dupont), the serial Der Mann ohne Namen/The Man Without a Name (1921, Georg Jacoby) featuring Harry Liedtke, and Der Roman eines Dienstmädchens/The Novel of a Handmaid (1921, Reinhold Schünzel) with Liane Haid. That year, he worked twice with director Friedrich Zelnik (later Fredric Zenik) and his star-producer Lya Mara, on Miss Beryll... die Laune eines Millionärs/Miss Beryll, the mood of a millionaire (1921, Friedrich Zelnik) and on Aus den Memoiren einer Filmschauspielerin/From the memoirs of a film actress (1921, Friedrich Zelnik). However, the most famous director he worked with that year was Fritz Lang. Puffy appeared as the emperor of China in the fantasy Der müde Tod/Destiny (1921, Fritz Lang).

Béla Lugosi
Béla Lugosi. Hungarian postcard. Photo: Angelo, Budapest. Collection: Didier Hanson.

Karl Huszar Puffy
Vintage postcard by verlag Hartiq, no. 576. Photo by Hartiq. Collection: Didier Hanson.

Charles Puffy
In 1922 Karl Huszár-Puffy made his American debut in Arctic Adventure (1922, Chester Withey). That year he also had a part in Fritz Lang’s classic crime thriller Dr. Mabuse, der Spieler - Ein Bild der Zeit/Dr. Mabuse: The Gambler (1922) starring Rudolf Klein-Rogge as arch-criminal Dr. Mabuse. He also appeared opposite film legend Henny Porten in Sie und die Drei/She and the Three (1922, Ewald André Dupont). In 1923, Universal offered him a contract to make a series of comedy shorts in Hollywood for under the name Charles Puffy. He starred in some 26 shorts between 1924-1927 including City Bound (1925, Richard Smith), Unwelcome (1925, Richard Smith) and Ah! Gay Vienna! (1927, Harry Sweet). He also appeared in minor roles in such feature films as Open All Night (1924, Paul Bern) starring Viola Dana and Jetta Goudal, the melodramas The Rose of Paris (1924, Irving Cummings) featuring Mary Philbin as a poor French orphan, and The Love Thief (1926, John McDermott). In Hollywood he worked with several European directors. He played supporting parts in Benjamin Christensen’s melodrama Mockery (1927) starring Lon Chaney, in Ewald André Dupont’s comedy Love Me and the World Is Mine (1927) and in Alexander Korda’s comedy The Private Life of Helen of Troy (1927). One of his most interesting Hollywood films is The Man Who Laughs (1928) directed by the German Expressionist filmmaker Paul Leni. The film is an adaptation of Victor Hugo's novel of the same name and stars Conrad Veidt as Gwynplaine and Mary Philbin as the blind Dea. Universal put over $1,000,000 into The Man Who Laughs, an extremely high budget for an American film at the time.

Conrad Veidt
Conrad Veidt. German postcard by Ross Verlag, Berlin, nr. 1426/2, 1927-1928. Photo: Vaida M. Pál, Budapest.

Holocaust
At the time of the introduction of the sound film, Karl Huszár-Puffy returned to Germany. He appeared twice in minor roles opposite Marlene Dietrich, in Ich küsse Ihre Hand, Madame/I Kiss Your Hand Madame (1929, Robert Land), and in her breakthrough film Der blaue Engel/The Blue Angel (1930, Josef von Sternberg) in which he played the club owner. After several of such bit roles he played a leading part in the comedy Der nächtse Bitte/Next please (1930, Erich Schönfelder) opposite Adele Sandrock. However, the following years he was seen in supporting parts. He reunited with Alexander Korda for Die Männer um Lucie/The men around Lucie (1931, Alexander Korda) with Liane Haid. In 1933, after the Nazis came to power, he returned to Hungary, where he continued to play supporting parts. Among these Hungarian films are Pardon, tévedtem/Romance in Budapest (1933, Steve Sekely, Géza von Bolváry) with Franziska Gaál and Paul Hörbiger, Helyet az öregeknek/Room for the Aged (1934, Béla Gaál) with Szõke Szakáll, and Kleine Mutti/Little Mother (1935, Hermann Kosterlitz a.k.a. Henry Koster) featuring Franziska Gaál. His final Hungarian film was Nehéz apának lenni (1938, Márton Keleti). Karl Huszár-Puffy’s death place and date are still unconfirmed. Puffy was Jewish, and decided to flee Hungary when the Holocaust started. In 1941 he and his wife tried to get into the United States. Some sources say that he died in Tokyo, Japan in 1942. Others that his train was stopped by the Soviet army and he was imprisoned in a Gulag labour camp in Karaganda, Kazakhstan where he performed in the camp theatre company. Reportedly he died there from diphtheria in 1943 (other sources say he and his wife died of starvation).


Franciska Gaál. Dutch postcard by M.B. & Z. Photo: Filma. Publicity card for Pardon, tévedtem/Romance in Budapest (1933, Steve Sekely, Géza von Bolváry).

Sources: Hans J. Wollstein (Rovi), Jan-Christopher Horak (Film History), The Missing Link, Wikipedia (German and English) and IMDb.

1 comment:

Beth Niquette said...

I was fascinated by that photo of Bella Lugosi. What a good looking fellow--what a fascinating history.