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15 December 2011

Yoko Tani

Porcelain pretty Yoko Tani (1928 – 1999) was a French-born Japanese actress and also a sensual nightclub entertainer. She appeared in many French films, but also played starring roles in Japanese, British, American, Canadian and even East-German productions.

Yoko Tani
French postcard by Editions du Globe (E.D.U.G.), Paris, no. 713. Photo: Sam Lévin.

Sexy ‘Geisha’ Dances
Yoko Tani was born as Itani Yōko (猪谷洋子) in Paris, France in 1928. She has occasionally been described as 'Eurasian', 'half-French', 'half-Japanese', and even 'Italian-Japanese'. Wikipedia claims that all these descriptions are incorrect: "According to contemporary French sources, her father and mother were attached to the Japanese embassy in Paris, and Tani herself was conceived en route during a shipboard passage from Japan to Europe in 1927, hence given the name Yōko, one reading of which can mean ‘ocean-child.’ Japanese sources indicate that the family returned to Japan in 1930, when Yoko still was a toddler, and she did not return to France until 1950, when her schooling was completed". The Wikipedia author doubts this while there were severe restrictions on Japanese travelling outside Japan directly after WW II. However, the Japanese sources state that Itani had attended an elite Catholic girls' school in Tokyo, and through it secured a Catholic scholarship to study at the University of Paris. Installing herself in Montmartre, she developed an immediate attraction to cabarets, nightclubs, and music-halls. Setting herself up as an exotic oriental beauty she quickly established a reputation for her provocatively sexy ‘geisha’ dances, which generally ended with her slipping out of her kimono. It was here she was spotted by famous director Marcel Carné, who took her into his circle of artistic friends, including French actor Roland Lesaffre, whom she would marry in 1956. As a result, she began to get bit parts in films - starting as a Japanese dancer, in Le port du désir/House on the Waterfront (1954, Edmond T. Gréville) starring Jean Gabin - and on the stage, with a role as the blue lotus in la Petite Maison de Thé (a French adaptation of The Teahouse of the August Moon) at the Théâtre Montparnasse. Other films in which she had small roles that year were the crime drama Les Clandestines/Vice Dolls (1954, Raoul André) with Philippe Lemaire, the Fernandel comedy Ali Baba et les Quarante voleurs/Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves (1954, Jacques Becker), Marchandes d'illusions/Nights of Shame (1954, Raoul André) with Nicole Courcel, the crime film Les pépées font la loi/The Chicks Make the law (1954, Raoul André) with Dominique Wilms, and the German production Verrat an Deutschland/Betrayal of Germany (1954, Veit Harlan) starring Kristina Söderbaum.

Dominique Wilms
Dominique Wilms. French postcard by Editions P.I., Paris, nr. 28G. Photo: Lucienne Chevert.

Absolutely Beguiling
Yoko Tani's involvement with cinema was, up to the mid 1950’s, limited entirely to that of portraying stereotyped Orientals in French films. With the end of the US occupation of Japan in 1952, however, postwar Japanese cinema itself burst upon the French scene, culminating in the years 1955 and 1956 when a total of six Japanese films, including Ikimono no Kiroku/I Live in Fear (1955, Akira Kurosawa), were entered at the Cannes film festival. At Cannes, Tani made contact with directors Akira Kurosawa and Hisamatsu Seiji, which led to a trip to Japan in 1956 by Tani and Lesaffre, and their joint appearance in the Toho production Fukuaki no seishun/Barefoot Youth (1956, Taniguchi Senkichi). It was originally intended that the film would be directed by Kurosawa himself, but in the end it fell to his Toho colleague Taniguchi Senkichi. Tani and Lesaffre's ambition was to bring the film back to France and release it in the French market, an aim which was never achieved. During the same trip, and also for Toho, Tani took a small role in Jōshû to tomo ni/Women in Prison (1956, Hisamatsu Seiji), in which she played a westernized Japanese Catholic named Mary. This film, now virtually unobtainable, starred the legendary Japanese stars Hara Setsuko and Tanaka Kinuyo. Early in 1957 Tani appeared in a small role in her first English-language film: the MGM production of Graham Greene's The Quiet American (1957, Joseph L. Mankiewicz), a political drama set in French Indochina starring Audie Murphy and Michael Redgrave. The American production was shot entirely in Rome with additional location scenes of Saigon. Tani played a francophone Vietnamese nightclub hostess. She had her breakthrough in English-language cinema came with the war-time love story The Wind Cannot Read (1959, Ralph Thomas). Gary Brumburgh at IMDb notes about her performance: “The cameras displayed a lovely, quiet beauty in the 1950's and she was absolutely beguiling”. The film had originally been a project of the British producer Alexander Korda, and was to have been directed by David Lean, who in 1955 travelled to Japan with author Richard Mason and cast Japanese actress Kishi Keiko as the female lead. At a very advanced stage, the project fell apart, and a few months later Korda died. The pieces were eventually picked up by the Rank Organization, and it was decided to produce the film using the script and locations already set out by Lean, with one of Rank's big stars, Dirk Bogarde, in the male lead as a British POW in a Japanese camp. Tani played his ill wife. The film was a modest commercial success, and lead to further roles in British co-productions - as the Inuit Asiak in the Anglo-French-Italian The Savage Innocents (1959, Nicholas Ray) with Anthony Quinn, and as the ingénue Seraphina in the crime drama Piccadilly Third Stop (1960, Wolf Rilla).

Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine. German postcard by Krüger, nr. 902/422.

Meek Princess in Distress
Aside from The Quiet American, Yoko Tani’s only other Hollywood roles were in the comedy My Geisha (1962, Jack Cardiff) starring Shirley MacLaine and Yves Montand - shot, however, on location in Japan - and the lively sex-comedy Who's Been Sleeping in My Bed? (1963, Daniel Mann) with Dean Martin as a womanizing soap-opera star. Usually type-cast as an exotic, Tani nevertheless got to play unusual roles as a result. She portrayed Japanese medical doctor Sumiko Ogimura in one of the few Communist-bloc SciFi films, the East-German/Polish film adaptation of Stanisław Lem's novel The Astronauts, Der schweigende Stern/Milcząca Gwiazda/First Spaceship on Venus (1959, Kurt Maetzig, Hieronim Przybył). Perhaps even more unusual (for the time) was her trip to the Vancouver Islands in Canada to play the role of Mary Ota in The Sweet and the Bitter (1962-7, James Clavell), which treated the aftermath of the wartime internment of Canadian Japanese and the loss of their properties and their businesses. In Italy she became a customary player of meek princess-in-distress types in such peplums as Maciste alla corte del Gran Khan/Maciste at the Court of the Great Khan (1961, Riccardo Freda) starring muscleman Gordon Scott, and Ursus e la ragazza tartara/The Tartar Invasion (1961, Remigio Del Grosso), which co-starred her husband, Roland Lesaffre. In 1962, she returned to France. Her marriage to Lesaffre (who maintained an ongoing, homosexual liaison with Marcel Carné) was childless, and ended in divorce in 1962. From this point on she was to be more strictly Europe-based and to take on work mainly as a femme fatale in Eurospy films as OSS 77 – Operazione fior di loto/OSS77 – Operation Lotus (1967, Bruno Paolinelli) with Dominique Boschero, and in the final two episodes of the popular British TV series Danger Man/Secret Agent, featuring Patrick McGoohan. These episodes – filmed in color - were combined into one feature-length film, Koroshi (1967, Michael Truman, Peter Yates) that was released theatrically in several countries. Despite her involvement with film, Tani never abandoned her attachment to nightclub and cabaret. She worked as a stripper in the well-known Le Crazy Horse de Paris and other girlie clubs. Even as late as 1977, she had a small role in the Brazilian sexploitation thriller O Estripador de Mulheres/The Women Ripper (1977, Juan Bajon). That year she also starred in a transvestite show in downtown São Paulo. Her final film was the French comedy Ça fait tilt!/Tilt (1978, André Hunebelle). On TV her final appearance was as a madam in the erotic anthology Serie rose/Softly from Paris (1986, Walerian Borowczyk). Gary Brumburgh writes at IMDb that “In later years she enjoyed painting and was devoted to her religion and her dog that she named ‘Toto’.” Yoko Tani died of cancer in 1999 in Paris, after a long illness. She is buried in the seaside village of Binic, in Brittany. Her late husband, Ronald Lesaffre, is buried together with Marcel Carné in his grave in the Cimetière Saint-Vincent in Montmartre.


Trailer of Der schweigende Stern/Milcząca Gwiazda/First Spaceship on Venus (1959). Source: MysticOne (DailyMotion).

Source: Gary Brumburgh (IMDb), Hal Erickson (Rovi), Wikipedia and IMDb.

1 comment:

René Claude said...

"Der schweigende Stern" is on public domain now.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdMcrwGnpZs