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01 May 2013

Anneliese Uhlig

Classic beauty Anneliese Uhlig (1918) was an elegant and enchanting femme fatale of Ufa crime films of the 1940’s, who unwillingly bewitched Joseph Goebbels. After the war the German actress worked also internationally as a journalist, theatre producer and university teacher and became an American citizen.

Anneliese Uhlig
German Postcard by Film-Foto-Verlag, no. A 3784/1, 1941-1944. Photo: Civirani.

Anneliese Uhlig
German postcard by Film-Foto-Verlag, no. G 232. Photo: Baumann.

Crime Films
Anneliese Uhlig was born into an artistic family. Her mother was the opera singer Margarethe Maschmann, her father the stage actor Kurt Uhlig. After acting lessons at the Peter-Reimann-Akademie she made her film debut with Manege (1937, Carmine Gallone), followed by Stimme des Blutes/The Voice of Blood (1937, Carmine Gallone), both starring Attila Hörbiger and Lucie Höflich. In the same year she also made her stage debut in a successful production of Der Richter von Zalamea (El alcalde de Zalamea/The Judge of Alamea) by Pedro Calderón de la Barca at the Schillertheater in Berlin. The beautiful actress soon became a popular leading lady in crime films like Der Vorhang fällt/The Curtain Falls (1939, Georg Jacoby), Kriminalkommissar Eyck/Detective superintendent Eyck (1939, Milo Harbich) co-starring with Paul Klinger, and Golowin geht durch die Stadt/Golowin Goes Through Town (1940, Robert A. Stemmle). Next she played a nurse between two lieutenants in the propaganda film Blutsbrüderschaft/Blood Brotherhood (1940, Philipp Lothar Mayring). She also performed for the German troops in Holland, France, Poland and Russia. After a conflict with propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels she left for Italy in 1942 where she took part in five Italian films, including Don Cesare di Bazan/Don Cesar of Bazan (1942, Riccardo Freda) with Gino Cervi, and La Fornarina (1944, Enrico Guazzoni) with Lida Baarová. She also worked as a translator for Mussolini family. She returned to Germany in 1944 and continued her film career with Der Majoratsherr/The Heir (1944, Hans Deppe) with Willy Birgel, the marriage drama Solistin Anna Alt/Soloist Anna Alt (1945, Werner Klingler) and the romantic comedy Das Mädchen Juanita/The Girl Juanita (1945, Wolfgang Staudte). The last film could not be finished in 1945 because of the end of World War II. Later, it was edited with material from the archives and released in West Germany in 1952.

Anneliese Uhlig
German postcard by Ross Verlag, no. A 1623/1, 1937-1938. Photo: Sandau.

Anneliese Uhlig
German postcard by Ross Verlag, no. A 2950/1, 1939-1940. Photo: Sandau.

American Nationality
After the war Anneliese Uhlig married American lieutenant and art historian Douglas B. Tucker and worked as a director and producer for the US Special Service in Salzburg. From 1946 to 1967 she was a foreign correspondent in Italy, Austria and the USA. She also wrote political articles for different German and American newspapers. In 1948 she moved to the USA where she later got the American nationality. In the 1950's she appeared again in German films like Solange Du da bist/As Long As You Are There (1953, Harald Braun) starring Maria Schell and O.W. Fischer, and Dany, bitte schreiben Sie/Dany, Please Write (1956, Eduard von Borsody) featuring Sonja Ziemann. After that she took another break from the cinema and worked as a newspaper editor and theatre producer in Alexandria, Virginia, and as a university teacher in Bangkok. She continued her acting career in Germany in the 1970’s and appeared on stage and TV. To her TV films belong the Wilkie Collins adaptation Der Monddiamant/The Moonstone (1974, Wilhelm Semmelroth) with Paul Dahlke and Theo Lingen, Es gibt noch Haselnusssträucher/Hazels (1983, Vojtech Jasny) with Heinz Rühmann and Katharina Böhm, and Coming Home (1998, Giles Foster) with Peter O’Toole and Joanna Lumley. Anneliese Uhlig has a son and lives in Santa Cruz, California.

Anneliese Uhlig
German postcard by Das Programm von Heute, Zeitschrift für Film und Theater G.m.b.H., Berlin. Licensed by Ross Verlag, Berlin. Photo: Terra-Sandau.

Anneliese Uhlig
Small German card by Ross. Photo: Ufa.

Anneliese Uhlig
German postcard by Kunst und Bild, no. T 655. Photo: Lilo.

Sources: Thomas Staedeli (Cyranos), Wikipedia (German), Filmportal.de (German) and IMDb.