29 January 2012

Lissi Arna

Lissi Arna (1900-1964) was a beautiful, exotic-looking German silent screen actress. She became a star opposite the popular action star Harry Piel, and had a brief Hollywood career. Usually she was cast as a femme fatale or a fallen woman.

Lissi Arna
Austrian postcard by Iris-Verlag, no. 5892. Photo: Mondial Film A.G.

Dark-skinned Exotic Beauty
Lissi Arna (or Lissy Arna) was born as Elisabeth Arndt in Berlin in 1904. She attended a trade school and then started to work for a house broker. Meanwhile she also appeared as an extra in silent shorts like Der Katzensteg/The Cat's Gang Plank (1915, Max Mack) before she was engaged by comedian Ottchen Mücke as partner for his series of short films, directed by Rudi Bach. The public liked her and she even got her own short, Lissys Flimmerkur/Lissy's Short Flicker (1919, Rudi Bach). Her first real feature film was Abenteuer einer Nacht/Night's Adventures (1923), directed and produced by action star Harry Piel. The next two years she lived with relatives in New York and her film career was interrupted. When she returned it was again Harry Piel who offered her the female lead in his film Abenteuer im Nachtexpress/Adventures in the Night Express (1925, Harry Piel). This film paved the way for a great career. The next years she played in dozens of silent crime films, comedies and farces. Das Frauenhaus von Rio/The Women House of Rio (1927, Hans Steinhoff) starring Vivian Gibson moulded her image as a dark-skinned exotic beauty definitely. She used her femme fatale charisma successfully in films like Die Elf Teufel/The Eleven Devils (1927, Zoltan Korda, Carl Boese) with Gustav Fröhlich, Schinderhannes/The Prince of Rogues (1928, Kurt (later: Curtis) Bernhardt) featuring Hans Stüwe, the British production The Physician (1928, Georg Jacoby) and as a proletarian prostitute in Jenseits der Straße/Beyond the Street (1929, Leo Mittler), which Ines Walk at Filmzeit.de mentions as her most memorable role.

Lissi Arna
German postcard by Ross Verlag, no. 3091/1, 1928-1929. Photo: Atelier Kiesel, Berlin.

Lissi Arna
Austrian postcard. Photo: Lux-Film.

The Newest European Import
In 1930 Lissi Arna went to Hollywood, together with director Wilhelm Dieterle (William Dieterle). Highly publicized as the newest European import, she was contracted by RKO and played William Boyd's German fiancée in the World War I melodrama Beyond Victory (1931, John S. Robertson). The film was an obvious attempt at duplicating the success of Universal's antiwar statement All Quiet on the Western Front (1930, Lewis Milestone) but fell far short of such lofty expectations and did little for her. Apparently her role was severely cut prior to release. In Hollywood she went on to play in several German-language versions of American pictures like Die Maske fällt/The Costume Falls (1930, William Dieterle) and Dämon des Meeres/Demon of the Sea (1930, Michael Curtiz). In 1931 she returned to Germany and achieved her last great successes with the Edgar Wallace adaptation Der Zinker/The Squeeker (1931, Martin Fric, Carl Lamac) with Karl Ludwig Diehl, and the mountain drama Berge in Flammen/Mountains on Fire (1931, Karl Hartl, Luis Trenker). The arrival of sound film hurt her career. She moved over to work in the theatres of Berlin. Her further film works were confined to supporting roles in films like Zu neuen Ufern/To New Shores (1937, Douglas Sirk) starring Zarah Leander. Lissi married the physician Dr. Kleiber in 1939 and retired completely from the film business. She lived with her husband in Venezuela till his death in the late 1950’s. She returned to Germany, and in 1962 she played for the last time in a film, Das Leben beginnt um acht/Life Starts at Eight (1962, Michael Kehlmann) with O.E. Hasse. In 1964 Lissi Arna died of cancer in her hometown, Berlin.

Lissi Arna
German postcard by Ross Verlag, no. 5457/1, 1930-1931. Photo: Vitaphone.

Sources: Ines Walk (Filmzeit.de), Thomas Staedeli (Cyranos), Hans J. Wollstein (Rovi), Wikipedia (German) and IMDb.

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