20 August 2018

Christian Marquand

Handsome Christian Marquand (1927-2000) was a French director, actor and screenwriter working in French cinema. With his virile good looks, easy charm and ready laugh, he was often cast as a heartthrob in French films of the 1950s.

Christian Marquand
French postcard by Editions du Globe, Paris, no. 646. Photo: Sam Lévin.

A steamy love scene on the beach of St Tropez

Christian Marquand was born in Marseille, in 1927. He was the son of a Spanish father and an Arab mother, and the older brother of director Nadine Trintignant and actor Serge Marquand. The fact that he spoke Spanish, Arabic, French, English and Italian - all learned as a child – later helped his international career.

After school, Marquand studied acting under Tania Balachova - one of his classmates was Roger Vadim. Marquand worked on stage from the age of seventeen.

His first film appearance at 21 was a bit part in Jean Cocteau's La Belle et la Bête/Beauty and the Beast in 1946. The following year he had another bit part in Henri-Georges Clouzot's classic thriller Quai des Orfevres (1947).

In 1949, the director of Paris Match, Herve Mille, introduced Marquand to Marlon Brando, who had recently arrived in Paris after a long run on Broadway in A Street Car Named Desire. Marquand and Brando hit it off at once. Marquand already had a reputation as a ladies' man and, as Mille recalled, was "able to speak to any girl and bring Brando that girl if he wanted her". Marquand and Brando would enjoy a long friendship.

His dark good looks were first noticed on film in Christian-Jaque's Lucrèce Borgia/Lucretia Borgia (1953). The film tells the story of the Borgia family of Italy during the Renaissance. Marquand played Lucrezia's lover, picked up in the Roman streets during Carnival. The next day he is pursued through a forest like a game at bay by Lucrezia (Martine Carol) and her brother Cesare (Pedro Armendáriz).

He was the Bohemian officer friend of the caddish soldier hero (Farley Granger) in Luchino Visconti's lush melodrama Senso (1954). Marquand also had a role in L'amant de lady Chatterley/Lady Chatterly's Lover (Marc Allègret, 1955), which starred Danielle Darrieux as the erring English aristocrat.

In 1956 Marquand appeared as Brigitte Bardot’s dour but handsome brother-in-law in Et Dieu créa la femme/And God Created Woman (Roger Vadim, 1956). In a steamy scene they make love on the beach of St Tropez. The scandalous film was a big hit in France and one of the ten most popular films at the British box office in its year of release.

One of his best pictures was Une Vie/ A Life (Alexandre Astruc, 1958), based on a Guy de Maupassant story. In this somber 19th-century tale, Marquand was the womanising husband of a young, innocent aristocrat (Maria Schell). Ronald Bergan in The Guardian: “The main strength of the film, apart from Claude Renoir's wonderful impressionistic Technicolor photography, was the way in which Marquand managed to find many nuances in the unsympathetic character he played.”

Christian Marquand
Belgian collectors card by Merbotex, Bruxelles. Photo: Sam Lévin.

Christian Marquand
French postcard by Editions P.I., no. 1058. Photo: Noa.

Struck by Alzheimer's disease

In 1962, Christian Marquand appeared as the French Naval Commando leader Philippe Kieffer in the D-Day epic The Longest Day (Ken Annakin a.o., 1962), based on Cornelius Ryan's book.

This lead to later roles in American produced films such as Fred Zinnemann's post-Spanish civil war film Behold A Pale Horse (1964), the adventure film Lord Jim (Richard Brooks, 1965) starring Peter O’Toole, and The Flight of the Phoenix (Robert Aldrich, 1965) with James Stewart.

In Claude Chabrol's The Road To Corinth (1967), he portrayed an American NATO security officer investigating mysterious boxes jamming US radar installations in Greece. He later played the leader of a group of French in Apocalypse Now Redux, a 2001 extended version of Francis Ford Coppola's epic war film Apocalypse Now, which was originally released in 1979. Coppola added 49 minutes of material that had been removed (including the scenes with Marquand) from the original film. It represents a significant re-edit of the original version.

Marquand directed two films. In 1962, he made Of Flesh and Blood, a competent thriller featuring Anouk Aimée. His other film as a director was the sex farce Candy (1968) with Marlon Brando and former Miss Teen Sweden Ewa Aulin. Disappointed by the mainly negative reception of the film Marquand returned to acting.

His later French films included the romantic comedy Je Vous Aime/I Love You All (Claude Berri, 1980) with Jean Louis Trintignant and Catherine Deneuve, the crime film Le Choix des armes/Choice of Arms (Alain Corneau, 1981), starring Yves Montand, and Emmanuelle 4 (Francis Leroi, 1984), the fourth official theatrical feature in the Emmanuelle franchise starring Sylvia Kristel.

In some of his last screen appearances he was directed by his sister Nadine Trintignant, in the drama L'été prochain/Next Summer (Nadine Trintignant, 1985) with Philippe Noiret and Claudia Cardinale, and in the TV series Qui c'est ce garçon?/Who’s that boy? (1987) with Marlene Jobert and Ugo Tognazzi.

Tragically, in the 1980s, he was struck by Alzheimer's disease and retired from the world. He spent many of his last years in hospital, not knowing anybody who visited him. His sister, Nadine Trintignant, wrote a moving book about his plight, Ton Chapeau au Vestiaire (His Hat in The Cloakroom).

Marquand was married to French actress Tina Aumont from 1963 till 1966. In the early 1970s, he had an affair with the actress Dominique Sanda with whom he had a son, Yann Marquand. Christian Marquand died in Ivry-sur-Seine, near Paris of Alzheimer's disease, aged 73. Marlon Brando named his son Christian after him, as did Roger Vadim.

Christian Marquand
French postcard by Editions P.I., offered by Les Carbones Korès 'Carboplane', no. FK 122 A. Photo: UFA.

Christian Marquand
Spanish collectors card by Romantica, 2nd series. Photo: Unifrance Films.

Sources: Ronald Bergan (The Guardian), The Telegraph, Wikipedia and IMDb.

19 August 2018

Irena Gawecka

Polish actress Irena Gawęcka (1901-1982) was a star of the silent cinema, who made 5 films between 1928 and 1930.

Irena Gawecka
Polish postcard by Polonia, Kraków, no. 1337. Photo: Dorys, Warszawa.

Irena Gawecka in Magdalena (1929)
Polish postcard by Polonia, Kraków, no. 1350. Photo: Enhafilm. Publicity still for Magdalena (Konstanty Meglicki, 1929).

Cross of the Civil Service Ceremony

Irena Gawęcka was born in 1901 in Buk, Germany (now Poland).

As a young girl, she participated in the Greater Poland Uprising in the supply department, for which she was awarded the Cross of the Civil Service Ceremony by the Supreme People's Council in 1919.

Then, after high school, Irena Gawęcka travelled around Europe, nothing is known about her acting work during this period.

After returning to Poland, she made her film debut as Countess Zofia opposite Boleslaw Szczurkiewicz as her father in Szaleńcy/Madmen (1928), which was also the directorial debut of Leonard Buczkowski.

Gawęcka contributed with her role to the success of the film. In 1929, the film was awarded the Grand Prix and the Gold Medal at the Universal Exhibition in Paris.

In 1934, the film returned to the screens already in the sound version with music developed by Tadeusz Górzyński.

Irena Gawecka and Mieczyslaw Cybulski in Magdalena (1929)
Polish postcard by Polonia, Kraków, no. 1352. Photo: Enhafilm. Publicity still for Magdalena (Konstanty Meglicki, 1929).

A promising acting career broken

In 1929, Irena Gawęcka appeared in three more Polish silent films.

The first was the drama Ponad snieg/Above the snow (Konstanty Meglicki, 1929) in which she had a supporting part.

The second was Magdalena (Konstanty Meglicki, 1929) and the third was the war drama Z dnia na dzien/One Day to the Day After Next (Joseph Lejtes, 1929), in which she played the leading role.

When the sound entered the Polish cinemas, Gawęcka retired. She only appeared in the small role of a fisher woman in the film Wiatr od morza/Wind from the Sea (Kazimierz Czynski, 1930), but it was not a success. Her promising acting career was broken.

After the war, Irena Gawęcka settled in France. There she died in 1982 in Le Chesnay at the age of 81.

Irena Gawecka
Polish postcard by Polonia, Kraków, no. 1335. Photo: Dorys, Warszawa.

Irena Gawecka in Magdalena (1929)
Polish postcard by Polonia, Kraków, no. 1351. Photo: Enhafilm. Publicity still for Magdalena (Konstanty Meglicki, 1929).

Sources: Filmpolski.pl (Polish), Wikipedia (Polish) and IMDb.

18 August 2018

Photo by Félix

In the early 1910s, Edition Pathé Frères published many postcards of the studio's stars. Among them were Stacia Napierkowska, Robinne and Berthe Bovy. And the biggest star of them all was the marvellous comedian Max Linder. Their photos were often taken by photographer Félix, who worked in his studio in Paris.

Andrée Pascal de l'Odéon
French postcard by Edition Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

Andrée Pascal (1892-1982) was a French actress who was highly active in French silent cinema. She did over 30 films for Pathé in the early 1910s, but suddenly stopped her film career after acting in L'empereur des pauvres (1922).

Berthe Bovy
French postcard by Edition Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix. Caption: Mlle Berthe Bovy of the Comédie Française. 1910s.

Berthe Bovy (1887-1977) was a Belgian stage and screen actress. She was a regular stage actress at the Comédie Française since 1907, but also acted in some 30 early silent films at mainly Pathé, and afterwards in some 20 sound films between the 1930s and early 1970s. She also worked for TV.

Madeleine Céliat
French postcard by Edition Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

Madeleine Céliat was a French stage actress who started out in film in 1909. She played in historical films by Pathé like Messalina (Henri Andréani 1910) and in one film by Eclair: La fin de Don Juan (Victorine-Hippolyte Jasset 1912), in which she played donna Anna. In 1912 Charles Pathé sent her to its Italian subsidiary Film d'Arte Italiana, in order to replace Francesca Bertini

Germaine Dermoz
French postcard by Edition Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

Germaine Dermoz (1888–1966), younger sister of actress Jeanne Delvair, was a French film and theatre actress of the early-to-mid twentieth century. She is most famous for her portrayal of Madame Beudet in Germaine Dulac's avant-garde film La souriante Madame Beudet/The Smiling Madame Beudet (1923).

Maria Fromet
French postcard by Edition Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

Maria Fromet (1902-1967), aka 'la petite Fromet', is mostly known for her countless parts as little girl in the films by Pathé Frères of the early 1910s.

Max Linder
French postcard by Edition Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

French comedian Max Linder (1883-1925), with his trademark silk hat, stick and moustache was an influential pioneer of the silent film. He was largely responsible for the creation of the classic style of silent slapstick comedy and he was the highest paid entertainer of his day.

Max Linder
French postcard by Editions Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

Max Linder
French postcard by Editions Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

Max Linder
French postcard by Edition Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

Marcelle Monthil
French postcard by Edition Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

Marcelle Monthil (1892-1950) was a French actress who started her film career in the days of the early silent cinema. She played dozens of supporting and bit parts during the 1930s and 1940s.

French postcard by Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

During the early 1910s handsome French actor Castillan starred in several short films by Pathé Frères.

Gabriel Signoret
French postcard by Editions Pathé Frères. Photo: Félix.

Gabriel Signoret aka Signoret (1878-1937) was a French actor and director who played in some 85 films, mostly silent ones.

Paul Capellani
French postcard. Photo: Félix, Paris. Signed in 1913.

With his brooding good looks, stage and film actor Paul Capellani (1877-1960) became a successful star of some 100 French and American films between 1908 and 1930. He was the younger brother of noted film director Albert Capellani and he appeared in many of his brother’s silent historical films.