08 July 2014

Erna Morena

Although her name is now largely forgotten, beautiful Erna Morena (1885-1962) appeared in about 120 films during five decades. She had an enormous career in the German silent cinema of the 1910s and 1920s as both an actress, producer and screenwriter, and until the mid-1930s she was regularly performing in German sound films.

Erna Morena
German postcard by Messter Film GmbH. Photo: Schenker, 1914.

Erna Morena
German postcard by NPG, no. 280. Photo: A. (Alex) Binder, Berlin.

Erna Morena
German postcard by Photochemie, Berlin, no. K. 1740. Photo: Alex Binder, Berlin.

Bewildered by her Subtle Performance

Erna Morena was born Ernestine Maria Fuchs in a bourgeois family in Wörth am Main, Germany, in 1885.

At the age of 17, she went to München (Munich) to attend the Kunstgewerbeschule (art school). Later, she spent six months in Paris, until finally at the end of the first decade she moved to Berlin and worked there as a nurse.

Morena started her acting career at the Schauspielschule des Deutschen Theaters (the acting school of the German Theatre) in 1910/1911 and swiftly got an engagement at the Ensemble Max Reinhardt.

She made her film debut in 1913. Her first film was Sphynx/The Sphinx (Eugen Illés, 1913), and she went on to play in several more dramas by Eugen Illés for the Duskes company.

In 1914, she moved to the Messter Film company, where she appeared with Emil Jannings and Theodoor Loos in Arme Eva/Poor Eva (Robert Wiene, 1914) and with Hella Moja in Die weiße Rose/The White Rose (Franz Hofer, 1915).

All her Messter-films were distributed under the trademark of 'Erna Morena Film Serie', rivalling the series of Asta Nielsen and Henny Porten.

Around 1917 she moved to PAGU, where she starred in and adaptation of Franz Wedekind's play Lulu (Alexander Antalffy, 1917) opposite Harry Liedtke and Emil Jannings, and in Paul Leni's Prima Vera (Paul Leni, 1917), based on Alexandre Dumas, fils' La Dame aux camélias (Camille). Critics were bewildered by her subtle performance.

From 1915 to 1921 she was married to editor and stage author Wilhelm Herzog, who had also invented her stage name Erna Morena.

Morena also dabbled as a producer: in 1918 she founded in Berlin, Erna Morena Film GmbH, supported by some friends as partners. She produced films like Colomba (1918) with Werner Krauss, and Die 999. Nacht/The 999th Night (1919/1920) with Hans Albers. Because of the economic crisis after the German November revolution of 1918-1919, she had to stop producing after two years.

Erna Morena in  Rafaela
German postcard by Photochemie, Berlin, no. K. 1986. Photo: Union-Film. Publicity still of Erna Morena in Rafaela/Wer weiss? (Arsen von Cserépy, 1917).

Erna Morena in Rafaela
German postcard by Photochemie, Berlin, no. K. 1984. Photo: Union-Film. Publicity still of Erna Morena, Harry Liedtke and Magnus Stifter in Rafaela/Wer weiss? (Arsen von Cserépy, 1917).

Erna Morena
German postcard by Kunstverlag Juno, Charlottenburg, no. 110. Photo: Atelier Eberth. Collection: Didier Hanson.

Erna Morena
German postcard in the Film Sterne Series by Rotophot, no. 79/5. Photo: Karl Schenker, Berlin / P.A.G. Union. Collection: Didier Hanson.

Her Long Neck and Dark Looks

Erna Morena was one of the most unusual stars of the silent German cinema. Dark-haired, tall and with distinctive facial features, she had a star appeal as later Greta Garbo had.

Morena was most successful with her films by director Richard Oswald in the late 1910s and early 1920s, such as Das Tagebuch einer Verlorenen/Diary of a Lost Woman (Richard Oswald, 1918) a forerunner of the version by Georg Wilhelm Pabst, and the horror film Nachtgestalten/Figures of the Night (1920) starring Paul Wegener.

She also starred in some classic Expressionist films including Nerven/Nerves (Robert Reinert, 1919), Von morgens bis Mitternacht/From Morn to Midnight (Karl Heinz Martin, 1920) with Ernst Deutsch, and Der Gang in die Nacht/The Dark Road (F.W. Murnau, 1921) with Olaf Fönss and Conrad Veidt.

With her long neck and dark looks she often played exotic beauties, as in Die Lieblingsfrau des Maharadscha, 3./The Favourite Wife of the Maharajah (Max Mack, 1921), and Das Indische Grabmal, 1. and 2./The Indian Tomb (Joe May, 1921), but also regal beauties in historical dramas as Fridericus Rex 1., 2., 3. and 4. (Arzén von Cserépy, 1922-1923) with Otto Gebühr, Wallenstein 1. and 2. (Rolf Randolf, 1925), Bismarck 1. and 2. (Ernst Wendt, 1925), and Das Schicksal derer von Habsburg/The destiny of the Habsburgs (Rolf Raffé, 1928) in which she played Empress Elisabeth - Sissi.

Of course there were also contemporary set stories like Der Berg des Schicksals/The Mountain of Destiny (Arnold Fanck, 1924) with Luis Trenker, the film that inspired Leni Riefenstahl to pursue a career in film; Mutter und Kind/Mother and Child (Carl Froehlich, 1924); Man spielt nicht mit Liebe/One Does Not Play with Love (G.W. Pabst, 1926) starring Werner Krauss and Lili Damita; Grand Hotel (Johannes Guter, 1927) with a script by Bela Balazs, and Somnambul/The Somnambulist (Adolf Trotz, 1929) with Fritz Kortner.

She also played in one Dutch film, De bruut/The brute (1922) directed by Theo Frenkel, who had an active career in Germany in the 1920s, and in the French film Le fauteuil 47/ Chair no. 47 (Gaston Ravel, 1926) with Dolly Davis.

Erna Morena
German postcard by Photochemie, no. K. 1741. Photo: Alex Binder, Berlin.

Erna Morena
German postcard by Photochemie, Berlin, no. K. 150. Photo: Alex Binder, Berlin.

Erna Morena
German postcard by Photochemie, Berlin, no. K. 1697. Photo: Hans Holdt, München. Collection: Didier Hanson.

Erna Morena and child
German postcard by Ross Verlag, Berlin, no. 311/2, 1919-1924. Photo: Wasow, München (Munich).

Heydays Over

Erna Morena seems to have made the passage to sound cinema quite smoothly as there was no big arrest in her number of film roles.

Still, from the young star and protagonist of the films of the late-1910s and early 1920s she had to be satisfied now with playing mothers, secondary roles. Her heydays were over.

Among her more interesting films of this period are Das Lied der Nationen/The Song of the Nations (Rudolf Meinert, 1931) with Camilla Horn, Eine Nacht im Paradies/A Night in Paradise (Carl Lamac, 1932) starring Anny Ondra, Drei Kaiserjäger/Three Imperial Light Infantrymen (Franz Hofer, Robert Land, 1933), and the operetta Abschiedswalzer/Farewell Waltz (Géza von Bolváry, 1934).

In the mid-1930s, she opened a pension for artists in München (Munich), and only returned to the film set for small parts in a handful of films, including the notorious Jud Süss (Veit Harlan, 1940).

After the war she appeared in only one film, Veit Harlan's Unsterbliche Geliebte/Eternal Beloved (1951), an emblematic title as the film meant Morena's goodbye.

One decade later, Erna Morena died in München, in 1962. Between 1913 and 1951 she had appeared in about 120 films. She had a daughter, Eva-Maria Herzog.

In 2006 filmmakers Bettina Neuhaus and Natasja Giebels made a poetic film portrait about the life story and personality of Erna Morena, Schwarzer Schwan/Black Swan.

Erna Morena
German postcard by Ross Verlag, no. 1060/2, 1927-1928. Photo: Atelier Balázs, Berlin. Collection: Didier Hanson.

Erna Morena
German postcard by Ross Verlag, no. 3423/1, 1928-1929. Photo: Atelier Balázs, Berlin.

Erna Morena
German postcard by Ross Verlag, no. 3002/1, 1928-1929. Photo: Ufa.

Erna Morena
German postcard by Ross Verlag, no. 4019/1, 1929-1930. Photo: Atelier Balazs, Berlin.

Sources: Thomas Staedeli (Cyranos), Filmportal.de, Wikipedia (German) and IMDb.

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