02 July 2018

Pierre de Guingand

Pierre de Guingand (1885-1964) was a French stage and film actor in the 1920s and 1930s, most noteworthy for performing elegant rich men in films like Au bonheur des dames (1929) and Ich küsse Ihre Hand, Madame (1929).

Pierre de Guingand
French postcard by Cinémagazine, no. 151. Photo: Studio Landau.

Pierre de Guingand
French postcard by Cinémagazine Edition, no. 18. Photo: Pathé Consortium Cinema. Publicity still for Les Trois Mousquetaires (Henri Diamant Berger, 1921).

Pierre de Guingand as Aramis
French postcard in the series Les Vedettes de l'Ecran by Editions Filma, no. 122. Photo: Pathé Consortium Cinéma. Pierre de Guingand as Aramis in the period piece serial Les trois mousquetaires (Henri Diamant-Berger, 1921).

Musketeer Aramis

Octave-Pierre Deguingand aka Pierre de Guingand was born in Paris in 1885.

In 1908, he probably debuted on stage in the play Ramuntcho by Pierre Loti, directed by André Antoine at the Théâtre de l'Odéon. A few years later he performed in the play La Pèlerine écossaise (1914) by Sacha Guitry, at the Théâtre des Bouffes-Parisiens.

In 1921 Guingand played in Une danseuse est morte by Charles Le Bargy, at the Théâtre des Galeries Saint Hubert.

Also in 1921, Guingand debuted in the cinema and had a big role right away as Aramis in the 12 episode film Les Trois Mousquetaires/The Three Musketeers (Henri Diamant-Berger, 1921). He played Aramis again in the sequel Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (Henri Diamant-Berger, 1922), a 10 episode serial.

Guingand stayed on with Diamant-Berger for the subsequent films Le Mauvais Garçon/Bad Boy (Henri Diamant-Berger, 1922) with Maurice Chevalier, L'Emprise/The influence (Henri Diamant-Berger, 1923), and Le Roi de la vitesse/King of the speed (Henri Diamant-Berger, 1923).

In the following year, De Guingand played Lodovico Gonzaga in Le Vert Galant/The Courteous Green (René Leprince, 1924), this time a film in 8 episodes, and in 1925 he performed as marquis d'Aurilly in the 8 episode serial Fanfan La Tulipe/Fan Fan the Tulip (René Leprince, 1924), starring Aimé Simon-Girard.

In 1926-1927, De Guingand was absent from the screen, but he performed on stage in plays such as Le Prince charmant (Prince Charming, 1925) by Tristan Bernard, at the Théâtre Michel, and Un perdreau de l'année (A young partridge of the year, 1926), again by Tristan Bernard, and again at the Théâtre Michel.

In 1928, Guingand returned to the set for L'Équipage/Last Flight (Maurice Tourneur, 1928), starring Charles Vanel and Jean Murat, and La Possession/The Ownership (Léonce Perret, 1928) with Italian film diva Francesca Bertini in the female lead.

Pierre de Guingand and Aimé Simon-Girard in Les trois mousquetaires
French postcard, no. 133. Pierre de Guingand as Aramis and Aimé Simon-Girard as D'Artagnan in Les trois mousquetaires/The Three Musketeers (Henri Diamant-Berger, 1921).

Les Trois Mousquetaires, 19
French postcard by M. Le Deley, Paris. Photo: still from Les Trois Mousquetaires/The Three Musketeers (Henri Diamant Berger, 1921).

Vingt ans après
French postcard. Photo: Pathé. Publicity still for Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (Henri Diamant-Berger, 1922). The four musketeers: Porthos (Charles Martinelli), Aramis (Pierre de Guingand), Athos (Henri Rollan), and D'Artagnan (Jean Yonnel).

Marlene Dietrich's Ex-Husband

In the late silent film Au bonheur des dames/In the happiness of the ladies (Julien Duvivier, 1929), Pierre de Guingand played Octave Mouret, the rich owner of the department store Au Bonheur des dames, who falls for a young mannequin, Denise (Dita Parlo). Her uncle (Armand Bour), however, owns the little shop Mouret wants to tear down for the expansion of his own department store.

De Guingand also made another remarkable late silent performance in Germany in Ich küsse ihre hand, Madame/I Kiss Your Hand Madame (Robert Land, 1929) starring Marlene Dietrich. Guingand plays the ex-husband of Laurette Gerard (Dietrich), who is still infatuated with her despite the divorce. Laurette starts an affair with a gentleman (Harry Liedtke) until she discovers he works as a waiter. In reality the waiter is a Russian count though.

In 1931, De Guingand played in the French version of the early sound film Der Ball, Le bal (Wilhelm Thiele, 1931), starring Germaine Dermoz and Danielle Darrieux. Next came La Chance/Luck (René Guissart, 1931) with Marie Bell, the comedy Une faible femme/A Weak Woman (Max de Vaucorbeil, 1932) with Meg Lemonnier, and Chourinette (André Hugon, 1934) with Mireille.

He played a supporting part in the classic Le Grand jeu/The big game (Jacques Feyder, 1933) with Marie Bell.

Among his later films were L'Appel du silence/The Call (Léon Poirier, 1936) with Jean Yonnel as North Africa explorer Charles de Foucauld and Guingand as General Laperrine, Sarati, le terrible/Sarati the Terrible (André Hugon, 1937) with Harry Baur in the title role, and finally Remontons les Champs-Élysées/Champs Elysees (Sacha Guitry, 1938) with Guitry himself in a multiple lead (a.o. Louis XV and Napoleon III) and Guingand as baron de Vitry.

Occasionally Guingand continued stage acting as well, as in Le Cyclone (1931) by Somerset Maugham, directed by Jacques Baumer, at the Théâtre des Ambassadeurs, and Tout n'est pas noir (1941) by André Birabeau, directed by Robert Blome, at the Théâtre Daunou.

Pierre Guingand died in 1964 in Versailles. He was 79.

Pierre de Guingand in Vingt ans après (1922)
French postcard by Editions Cinémagazine no. 43. Photo: Pathé Consortium Cinéma. Pierre de Guingand as Aramis in Vingt ans après/The Return of the Musketeers (Henri Diamant-Berger, 1922).

Pierre de Guingand
French postcard in the Les Vedettes du Cinéma series by A.N., Paris, no. 105. Photo: Henri Manuel.

Sources: Ciné-ressources (French), Wikipedia (French) and IMDb.

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