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14 April 2017

Larisa Luzhina

Russian actress Larisa Luzhina (1939) was a star of the Soviet cinema. She was a People's Artist of the RSFSR.

Larisa Luzhina
Russian postcard, no. 14187, 1966. This postcard was printed in an edition of 200.000 cards. Photo: B. Vilennina.

Starvation


Larisa Anatolievna Luzhina (Russian: Лари́са Анато́льевна Лу́жина) was born in 1939 in Leningrad in the Soviet Union, now Saint Petersburg in Russia. Her parents were Anatoly Luzhin and Evgenia Luzhina.

During the Siege of Leningrad, her older sister died of starvation. Larisa and her mother survived the blockade.

After the war, the Luzhin family settled in Tallinn, where Larisa started practicing in the school drama club, directed by Ivan Danilovich Rossomahin, actor of the Russian Drama Theatre. It was then that she decided to become an actress.

After school, Larissa tried to enter the Leningrad Institute of theatre, music and film, but she failed the exam. By accident, she found work in the cinema in 1959. Larissa’s home was opposite the pavilions of the Tallinn film studio. On the street she was invited to play the small part of a cabaret singer in the crime drama Kutsumata külalised/The Wedding Crashers (Igor Yeltsov, 1959).

After the film's release, director Herbert Rappaport of Lenfilm Studio suggested her for a major role in his romantic drama Vihmas ja päikeses/In the rain and in the sun (Herbert Rappaport, 1960), which marked the beginning of her professional film career.

Larisa Luzhina
East-German postcard by VEB Progress Film-Vertrieb, Berlin, no. 1749, 1962. Photo: Nowak.

Larisa Luzhina
Russian postcard, no. 4522, 1966. This postcard was printed in an edition of 100.000 cards. The price was 8 kop.

Fame and popularity


Larisa Lushina played the lead in Na semi vetrakh/Seven Winds (Stanislav Rostotskiy, 1962). She was recommended for the part by the famous director Sergey Gerasimov, who had met her on a course. This role brought the young actress then fame and popularity.

Another success was the two-part war film Tishina/Silence (Vladimir Basov, 1963) with Vitali Konyayev, and based on the 1962 eponymous novel by Yuri Bondarev. The film won the main prize of the All-Union Film Festival.

She appeared opposite Yevgeni Urbansky in the drama Bolshaya ruda/The Big Ore (Vasiliy Ordynskiy, 1964). Then followed the sports drama Vertical (Stanislav Govorukhin, Boris Durov, 1967) about a group of climbers who are surprised by a cyclone.

Luzhina played a nurse, who returns from the front in the romantic drama Lyubov Serafima Frolova/Love of Serafim Frolov (Semyon Tumanov, 1968). In East-Germany, she played in the TV thriller Der Nachfolger/The Successor (Ingrid Sander, 1965) with Host Drinda.

In the GDR Luzhina starred in a total of six films, including two TV series. It was in the GDR she first played the roles of Marya Nikolaevna in Spring Waters (1968) and Varvara Pavlovna in Adelsnest/Nobles nest (Hans-Erich Korbschmitt, 1969), based on the classic novels of Ivan Turgenev. The German public loved her work, and she was recognized as the most popular actress in the GDR. She was awarded the National Prize of Germany and other awards.

Larisa Luzhina
Russian postcard, no. 71-2216, 1970. This postcard was printed in an edition of 100.000 cards.

Larisa Luzhina
Russian postcard, no. 4899, 1970. This postcard was printed in an edition of 100.000 cards.

The first man who flew around the Earth


During the 1970s, Larisa Luzhina played in such popular films as the drama Gonshchiki/Racers (Igor Maslennikov, 1973) with Oleg Yankovskiy, the family comedy Kysh i Dvaportfelya/Goaway and Twobriefcases (Eduard Gavrilov, 1974), and the drama Ispolnenie zhelaniy/Fulfilment of the Wishes (Svetlana Druzhinina, 1975) with Innokentiy Smoktunovskiy.

She also starred in Tak nachinalas legenda/So the Legend Began (Boris Grigorev, 1976), a biopic of Yuri Gagarin (Oleg Orlov), the first man who flew around the Earth. Luzhina played Gagarin’s mother.

In Poland, Larisa Luzhina appeared in the historical film Jarosław Dąbrowski (Bohdan Poreba, 1976). Other popular films include Syshchik/The Detective (Vladimir Fokin, 1980), the romantic drama S lyubimymi ne rasstavaytes/Don’t Leave Your Lovers (Pavel Arsyonov, 1980) and the crime drama Srok davnosti/Time Barred (Leonid Agranovich, 1983).

After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Luzhina did not receive many film offers. In recent years, she played several roles in television series. Her most recent feature film is May (Marat Rafikov, Ilya Rubinshteyn, 2007). Luzhina is an active supporter of president Putin.

She was married four times. Her husbands were operator Alexei Chardynin, cameraman Valery Shuvalov, actor Vladimir Gusakov, and administrator Vyacheslav Matveev. She has a son with Valery Shuvalov, Paul V. Shuvalov, who is a sound engineer for Mosfilm. Larissa Luzhina lives in Moscow.

Larisa Luzhina
East-German postcard by VEB Progress Film-Vertrieb, Berlin, no. 3044, 1968. Photo: Balinski.

Larisa Luzhina
Russian postcard, no. 106/77 1977.

Sources: Wikipedia (Russian and English), and IMDb.

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